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Head and neck cancer


Diet and lifestyle are associated with stomach cancer, although the exact cause is unknown. Most stomach cancers occur in people over 55 years old. The majority of stomach cancer patients are in their 60s and 70s. Men are twice as likely as women to develop stomach cancer.
Detecting stomach cancer early can save lives. Stomach cancer can be cured if found early. The patient is often not diagnosed with stomach cancer until it has spread to the lymph nodes or other organs.


Depending on which cells in the breast turn cancerous, it can be classified into different kinds. It is possible for breast cancer to begin in different parts of the breast. Breast tissue is divided into three parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue

  • Breast especially painless
  • dimpling of skin over the breast
  • Redness of skin of the breast
  • Lump in the armpit or axilla
  • Pain in the nipple area
  • Thicker or swollen breasts
  • Breast pain in any area
  • Female gender
  • Increase in age
  • Overweight or Obesity
  • Dense breasts
  • Genetic mutations
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hormonal treatment in past
  • Surgery
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Hormone treatment
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy


Blood tests. Tests of blood to measure organ functions may reveal whether other organs, including the liver, may be affected by cancer. Scanning tests. PET and CT scans are two types of tests. Endoscopic ultrasound. Endoscopic ultrasounds involve passing a thin tube with a camera down your throat and into your stomach. Images of your stomach are created using an ultrasound tool. Through an endoscopy, doctors can determine how deeply cancer penetrates the stomach wall. Exploratory surgery. If your cancer has spread outside of your stomach or into your chest or abdomen, your doctor may recommend surgery. Laparoscopic exploration is typical of exploratory surgery. A small incision is made in your abdomen and a camera is inserted that transmits images to a monitor.

The purpose of surgery is to remove all cancer as well as some healthy tissue around it. In surgery, you may undergo: Surgically removing early-stage stomach tumors. A surgical procedure in which an entire stomach is removed (subtotal gastrectomy). Surgery to remove the entire stomach (total gastrectomy) Surgically removing lymph nodes to detect cancer.

An effective method of treating cancer that has spread beyond the stomach is chemotherapy. Chemicals are used when chemotherapy is administered to kill cancer cells. Depending on the procedure, chemotherapy may be given before or after the operation. It is given before the cancer is removed for easy removal and in some cases given after to kill any cancer cells that were left behind.

A drug treatment used to fight cancer by boosting the immune system. As cancer cells produce proteins, the immune system has difficulty recognizing the dangerous cancer cells and attacking them. This therapy makes it easier for our immune system to fight cancer. The use of immunotherapy for stomach cancer is sometimes necessary if the disease is advanced, if it returns, or if it spreads.