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Head and neck cancer


Cancers that originate in the colon or rectory can be referred to as colon cancer or rectal cancer. There are many similarities between colon cancer and rectal cancer, so they are often grouped together. The development of cancer begins when cells in the body begin to grow uncontrollably.


Depending on which cells in the breast turn cancerous, it can be classified into different kinds. It is possible for breast cancer to begin in different parts of the breast. Breast tissue is divided into three parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue

  • Breast especially painless
  • dimpling of skin over the breast
  • Redness of skin of the breast
  • Lump in the armpit or axilla
  • Pain in the nipple area
  • Thicker or swollen breasts
  • Breast pain in any area
  • Female gender
  • Increase in age
  • Overweight or Obesity
  • Dense breasts
  • Genetic mutations
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hormonal treatment in past
  • Surgery
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Hormone treatment
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy


As a result of a colonoscopy, the doctor is able to examine the entire rectum and colon of a patient while he or she is sedated. Performing this test is the specialty of a colonoscopist. The diagnosis of colorectal cancer depends on the surgical removal of the tumor for a clear picture of its location and spread.

Biopsies are performed to examine the tissue under a microscope. Having a biopsy performed can confirm the presence of colorectal cancer. Biopsies can be performed during colonoscopies or when tissues are removed during surgery.

Identifying specific genes, proteins, and other tumor-specific factors may be recommended by your doctor through laboratory testing. Tests of the tumor’s molecular composition may also be called molecular pathology.

People with colorectal cancer may become anemic because of bleeding into their large intestine and rectum. CBC tests, which measure the number of red blood cells in the blood, can indicate bleeding.Colorectal cancer patients who are currently receiving treatment often undergo CEA tests to track their progress.