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Head and neck cancer


Cancer is a disease in which cells grow uncontrollably and are not able to die. In the human body, there are many types of cells that make up the different tissues, organs, and systems. These cells grow and divide to form new healthy cells as needed by the body. But when cancer starts, these healthy new cells start to grow out of control and can form lumps or masses called tumors. Cancer is an uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in a part of the body such as the breast or lung.

The cancerous tumors can invade nearby tissue or spread through the bloodstream and lymphatic system to other parts of the body such as your liver, brain, or bone marrow.


Depending on which cells in the breast turn cancerous, it can be classified into different kinds. It is possible for breast cancer to begin in different parts of the breast. Breast tissue is divided into three parts: lobules, ducts, and connective tissue

  • Breast especially painless
  • dimpling of skin over the breast
  • Redness of skin of the breast
  • Lump in the armpit or axilla
  • Pain in the nipple area
  • Thicker or swollen breasts
  • Breast pain in any area
  • Female gender
  • Increase in age
  • Overweight or Obesity
  • Dense breasts
  • Genetic mutations
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Hormonal treatment in past
  • Surgery
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Hormone treatment
  • Radiation therapy
  • Chemotherapy
  • Targeted therapy
  • Immunotherapy


First of all your doctor, will try to connect with you and understand the symptoms to know the type of cancer suspected. He/she may ask questions like signs or symptoms, age, health changes, any family cancer history, earlier medical test reports, etc. to analyze your cancer.

Ultrasound scanning is used to create pictures of areas inside the breast, which are called sonograms. It will provide the required images for the doctor’s evolution.

Doctors may recommend a diagnostic mammogram if you have lumps in your breast or if an area of the breast looks abnormal on a screening mammogram. Screening mammography is similar to diagnostic mammography, except that more pictures are taken of the breast during diagnostic mammography.

An MRI produces detailed images of the body by using magnetic fields. MRI helps in creating a clear picture of breast cancer.